Temperature-dependent mechanisms of DOM removal by biological activated carbon filters
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Seasonal variability in the removal of dissolved organic matter (DOM) by drinking water biological activated
carbon (BAC) filters is often attributed to temperature changes. However, it can be rather difficult to
directly relate temperature to treatment efficiency at full scale due to seasonal variations in other influential
parameters like DOM concentration and character, and microbial activity. Furthermore, processes in BAC
filters include adsorption, desorption and biodegradation within biofilms while each respond differently to
temperature. This study aimed to decouple these processes by studying the removal of various DOM
fractions from coagulated and settled drinking water when in contact with aged (>3 years) BAC filter
material at different water temperatures. DOM removal was measured as changes in dissolved organic
carbon (DOC), ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm (UV254) and fluorescence. Under the particular
experimental conditions there was little evidence of biological removal; instead, removal of DOM fractions
emitting at longer wavelengths (“humic-like”, >430 nm) was consistent with chemisorption, removal of
DOM emitting at intermediate wavelengths (“humic-like”, 390–420 nm) was consistent with physisorption,
and multiple mechanisms were indicated for “protein-like” (<380 nm) DOM. Non-biological mechanisms
of DOM removal by aged BAC filters are often assumed to be unimportant; however, these results suggest
they are important for some DOM fractions, especially during periods of reduced microbial activity.

Författare

Nashita Moona

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Urban Wuensch

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Mia Bondelind

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Olof Bergstedt

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Kathleen Murphy

Chalmers, Arkitektur och samhällsbyggnadsteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik

Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology

2053-1400 (ISSN) 2053-1419 (eISSN)

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Building Futures (2010-2018)

Ämneskategorier

Vattenteknik

Geokemi

Vattenbehandling

DOI

10.1039/c9ew00620f

Mer information

Skapat

2019-10-15