Carbohydrate active enzymes are affected by diet transition from milk to solid food in infant gut microbiota
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Infants experience a dramatic change in their food in the first year after birth when they shift from breast milk to solid food. This results in a large change in presence of indigestible polysaccharides, a primary energy resource of gut microbes. How the gut microbiota adapts to this dietary shift has not been well examined. Here, by using metagenomics data, we studied carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) of gut microbiota, which are essential enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of polysaccharides, during this dietary shift. We developed a new approach to categorize CAZyme families by food intake and found CAZyme families associated with milk or solid food. We also found CAZymes with most abundance in 12 months infants that are not associated with solid food or milk but may be related to modulating carbohydrates in the mucus. Additionally, the abundance of gut CAZymes were found to be affected by many other factors, including delivery modes and life style in adults. Taken together, our findings provide novel insights into the dynamic change of gut CAZymes in early human life and provide potential markers for food interference or gut microbiota restoration.

carbohydrate-active enzymes

infant

metagenomics

gut microbiota

CAZymes

Författare

Ling Qun Ye

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Promi Das

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Peishun Li

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Boyang Ji

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Jens B Nielsen

BioInnovation Institute

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

FEMS microbiology ecology

15746941 (eISSN)

Vol. 95 11 Fiz159

Ämneskategorier

Livsmedelsvetenskap

Ekologi

Näringslära

DOI

10.1093/femsec/fiz159

PubMed

31589310

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2019-12-06