Reframing human excreta management as part of food and farming systems
Reviewartikel, 2020

Recognition of human excreta as a resource, rather than as waste, has led to the emergence of a range of new and innovative nutrient recovery solutions. Nevertheless, the management of human excreta remains largely rooted in current sanitation and wastewater management approaches, which often makes nutrient recovery an add-on to existing infrastructures. In this paper, we argue that framing human excreta management as a resource recovery challenge within waste management obscures important trade-offs. We explore the factors that would be brought to the fore by reframing human excreta management as part of food and farming systems. We find that such a reframing would accentuate (at least) six aspects of critical importance that are currently largely overlooked. Recognizing that the proposed framing may also have its limitations, we argue that it has the potential to better guide human excreta management towards long-term global food, soil, and nutrient security while reducing the risk of compromising other priorities related to human and environmental health.

nutrient management

resource recovery

nutrient recovery


human excreta management

wastewater management


Robin Harder

University of British Columbia (UBC)

Rosanne Wielemaker

Wageningen University and Research

Sverker Molander

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Environmental Systems Analysis

Gunilla Öberg

University of British Columbia (UBC)

Water Research

0043-1354 (ISSN) 1879-2448 (eISSN)

Vol. 175 115601

Resursåterföring från avlopp till jordbruk: kartläggning av ansatser som är både möjliga och önskvärda

Formas (2016-00859), 2017-01-31 -- 2020-06-30.


Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap


Andra lantbruksrelaterade vetenskaper






Mer information

Senast uppdaterat