Development and Validation of a Generic Finite Element Ribcage to be used for Strain-based Fracture Prediction
Paper i proceeding, 2019

Finite element human body models, comprising detailed anatomical descriptions, can complement
anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) in the development of new restraint systems. Human body models (HBMs)
can evaluate injury on tissue level, i.e. rib strain can be used to evaluate the risk of rib fracture, although the
HBM must accurately predict the rib strain distribution to be effective. Current HBMs are not validated for rib
strain, and it remains unknown if any represent an average-shaped ribcage. Thus, a new generic ribcage was
created, representing an average male, based on a combination of averaged geometrical and material data from
in-vivo and in-vitro datasets. The ribcage was incorporated into the THUMS AM50 Version 3, resulting in the
SAFER HBM Version 9. Validation of ribcage kinetic, kinematics and strain distribution was carried out at three
levels of complexity: anterior-posterior rib bending tests; rigid impactor table-top test; and a 40 km/h frontal
sled test. The rib strains in the single rib load case were predicted within ± one standard deviation for 91% of the
measuring points. The biofidelity for the rib strains in the table-top and sled test load cases was deemed ‘fair’
using CORA analysis. This study is an important step in the development and validation process of strain-based
rib fracture criteria for HBMs.

Finite element




Human body model


Johan Iraeus


Bengt Pipkorn

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper

Conference proceedings International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, IRCOBI

22353151 (ISSN)

S1-5 193-210 IRC-19-35

International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury 2019
Florence, Italy,

Future Occupant Safety for Crashes in Cars (OSCCAR)

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (EC/H2020/769947), 2018-06-01 -- 2021-05-31.

Utveckling av implementerbara skadekriterier för ryggrad, bröst och huvud för humanmodeller

VINNOVA (2015-04864), 2016-02-01 -- 2018-12-31.




Teknisk mekanik

Annan medicinteknik



C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

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