Proteomic potential of East African Highland Bananas (EAHBs) for banana juice extraction: comparison between juice-producing and cooking cultivars
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

This study investigated the proteomic difference between juice-producing and cooking EAHBs to clarify the role of protein in the production of banana juice. A comparative study was carried out to determine protein content, molecular weight distributions, and amino acid profile of the pulps of ten different (five juice-producing and five cooking) banana cultivars. There was low variability in crude protein content of banana cultivars, the level fell within the range of 0.80 g/100 g to 1.02 g/100 g. SDS-PAGE results visualised that the cultivars had similar molecular weights, ranging between 10 kDa and 76 kDa. The HPLC analysis showed that the relative compositions of amino acids differed significantly (p <= .05) within and between juice-producing and cooking cultivars. Both banana cultivars had a significantly higher amount of glutamic and aspartic acids, but significantly lower concentrations of tyrosine, methionine. The results suggest that protein content, molecular weight, and amino acid composition of banana cultivars are not the major factors in determining a banana's ability to release juice.

East Africa Highland Bananas

amino acids

juice release

proteins

Författare

Nuria Majaliwa

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

University of Dar es salaam

Oscar Kibazohi

University of Dar es salaam

Marie Alminger

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik

CYTA - Journal of Food

1947-6337 (ISSN) 1947-6345 (eISSN)

Vol. 19 1 370-377

Ämneskategorier

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

Livsmedelsvetenskap

Livsmedelsteknik

DOI

10.1080/19476337.2021.1909145

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Senast uppdaterat

2021-05-19