The influence of car passengers’ sitting postures in intersection crashes
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Car passengers are frequently sitting in non-nominal postures and are able to perform a wide range of activities since they are not limited by tasks related to vehicle control, contrary to drivers. The anticipated introduction of Autonomous Driven vehicles could allow “drivers” to adopt similar postures and being involved in the same activities as passengers, allowing them a similar set of non-nominal postures. Therefore, the need to investigate the effects of non-nominal occupant sitting postures during relevant car crash events is becoming increasingly important. This study aims to investigate the effect of different postures of passengers in the front seat of a car on kinematic and kinetic responses during intersection crashes. A Human Body Model (HBM) was positioned in a numerical model of the front passenger seat of a midsize Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV) in a total of 35 postures, including variations to the lower and upper extremities, torso, and head postures. Three crash configurations, representative of predicted urban intersection crashes, were assessed in a simulation study; two side impacts, a near-side and a far-side, respectively, and a frontal impact. The occupant kinematics and internal loads were analyzed, and any deviation between the nominal and altered posture responses were quantified using cross-correlation of signals to highlight the most notable variations. Posture changes to the lower extremities had the largest overall influence on the lower extremities, pelvis, and whole-body responses for all crash configurations. In the frontal impact, crossing the legs allowed for the highest pelvis excursions and rotations, which affected the whole-body response the most. In the two side-impacts, leaning the torso in the coronal plane affected the torso and head kinematics by changing the interaction with the vehicle's interior. Additionally, in far-side impacts supporting the upper extremity on the center console resulted in increased torso excursions. Moreover, the response of the upper extremities was consistently sensitive to posture variations of all body regions.

Side impact

Finite element

Human body model

Real-world safety

Frontal impact

Vehicle safety assessment

Occupant sitting postures

Occupant kinematics


Alexandros Leledakis

Volvo Cars

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet

Jan Östh

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Volvo Cars

Johan Davidsson

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Personskadeprevention

Lotta Jakobsson

Volvo Cars

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet

Accident Analysis and Prevention

0001-4575 (ISSN)

Vol. 157 106170


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