Hydrophobization of arabinoxylan with n-butyl glycidyl ether yields stretchable thermoplastic materials
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Hemicelluloses are regarded as one of the first candidates for the development of value-added materials due to their renewability, abundance, and functionality. However, because most hemicelluloses are brittle, they can only be processed as a solution and cannot be processed using industrial melt-based polymer processing techniques. In this study, arabinoxylan (AX) was hydrophobized by incorporating butyl glycidyl ether (BuGE) into the hydroxyl groups through the opening of the BuGE epoxide ring, yielding alkoxy alcohols with terminal ethers. The formed BuGE derivatives were melt processable and can be manufactured into stretchable thermoplastic films through compression molding, which has never been done before with hemicellulose modified in a single step. The structural and thermomechanical properties of the one-step synthesis approach were compared to those of a two-step synthesis with a pre-activation step to demonstrate its robustness. The strain at break for the one-step synthesized AX thermoplastic with 3 mol of BuGE is ≈200%. These findings suggest that thermoplastic polymers can be composited with hemicelluloses or that thermoplastic polymers made entirely of hemicelluloses can be designed as packaging and stretchable electronics supports.

One-step synthesis


Melt compression


Renewable biomass


Parveen Kumar Deralia

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Aline Maire Du Poset

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Anja Lund

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Anette Larsson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Anna Ström

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi

Gunnar Westman

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemi och biokemi

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

0141-8130 (ISSN) 18790003 (eISSN)

Vol. 188 491-500









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