Grain-growth mediated hydrogen sorption kinetics and compensation effect in single Pd nanoparticles
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Grains constitute the building blocks of polycrystalline materials and their boundaries determine bulk physical properties like electrical conductivity, diffusivity and ductility. However, the structure and evolution of grains in nanostructured materials and the role of grain boundaries in reaction or phase transformation kinetics are poorly understood, despite likely importance in catalysis, batteries and hydrogen energy technology applications. Here we report an investigation of the kinetics of (de)hydriding phase transformations in individual Pd nanoparticles. We find dramatic evolution of single particle grain morphology upon cyclic exposure to hydrogen, which we identify as the reason for the observed rapidly slowing sorption kinetics, and as the origin of the observed kinetic compensation effect. These results shed light on the impact of grain growth on kinetic processes occurring inside nanoparticles, and provide mechanistic insight in the observed kinetic compensation effect. Grains are the building blocks of crystalline solids. Here the authors show how hydrogen-sorption induced grain-growth in Pd nanoparticles slows down the hydrogen sorption kinetics and constitutes the physical origin of corresponding kinetic compensation.

Författare

Svetlana Alekseeva

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Michal Strach

Chalmers, Fysik, F forskningsinfrastruktur (CMAL)

Sara Nilsson

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Joachim Fritzsche

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Vladimir Zhdanov

Chalmers, Fysik

Russian Academy of Sciences

Christoph Langhammer

Chalmers, Fysik, Kemisk fysik

Nature Communications

2041-1723 (ISSN)

Vol. 12 1 5427

Ämneskategorier

Oorganisk kemi

Fysikalisk kemi

Materialkemi

DOI

10.1038/s41467-021-25660-x

PubMed

34521841

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-09-29