Influence of the rounded rear edge on wake bi-stability of a notchback bluff body
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

The wake bi-stability behind notchback Ahmed bodies is investigated by performing wind tunnel experiments and large eddy simulations (LESs). The focus of this study is on the suppression of bi-stable wakes achieved by rounding the roof's trailing edge of the body. The suppression effect is found to depend on the Reynolds number (R e). The wake behind a sharp edge remains bi-stable for all tested R e. However, for a rounded edge with small radius, wake bi-stability at R e = 0.5 × 10 5 and wake symmetrization with 0.75 × 10 5 ≤ R e ≤ 1.5 × 10 5 are observed. Increasing R e with R e ≥ 1.75 × 10 5, the wake returns to the bi-stable state. Particularly, with R e ≥ 2 × 10 5, a stable asymmetric wake state with no switches is observed for long periods. Performing LES confirms the expected wake asymmetry at R e = 0.5 × 10 5 and symmetry at R e = 1 × 10 5 for the case of rounded edge with a small radius. Besides, another wake symmetry is observed for the rounded edge with a large radius at R e = 0.5 × 10 5. For the two wake symmetries shown in the LES results, the symmetrization is attributed to wake suppression in the notchback region, forcing the flow separation from the rear roof to attach to the slant on both sides of the body.

Författare

Kan He

Central South University

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Guglielmo Minelli

Volvo Cars

Xinchao Su

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Guangjun Gao

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Central South University

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Physics of Fluids

1070-6631 (ISSN) 1089-7666 (eISSN)

Vol. 33 11 115107

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik

Annan fysik

Strömningsmekanik och akustik

DOI

10.1063/5.0071925

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-11-24