Low speed performance based standards for the Nordic countries
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Performance based standards (PBS) is an effective regulator policy which can address variation complexity in vehicle combinations. This paper investigates aspects of using computer simulation and mathematical models to assess the performance of vehicle combinations in low speed manoeuvring, and in particular roundabouts. A set of 22 vehicle combinations, including existing conventional heavy vehicles as well as prospective high capacity vehicles, is used to study the effects of turn angle and road surface conditions on the friction demand and swept path measures. Simulation results suggest that the friction demand measure is dependent on the available grip. This makes it hard to interpret and may not be suitable in the PBS framework. The swept path measure is relatively unaffected by friction levels, and can hence be calculated with simple and robust expressions not considering the road interaction. However, turn angle affects the swept path measure considerably, and should be addressed when designing the PBS scheme implementation into the legislations.

Low speed maneuvering

performance based standards

Heavy vehicles

Vehicle dynamics


Fredrik Bruzelius

Statens Väg- och Transportforskningsinstitut (VTI)

Sogol Kharrazi

Statens Väg- och Transportforskningsinstitut (VTI)

International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems

1744-232X (ISSN) 1741-5152 (eISSN)

Vol. 28 1 110-124

Performance Based Standards for High Capacity Transports in Sweden

VINNOVA (2013-03881), 2013-10-14 -- 2016-12-31.


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