Protein extraction from cold-pressed hempseed press cake: From laboratory to pilot scale
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

During the production of industrial hempseed oil, a press cake is formed as a byproduct, which is often used as animal feed although it contains a high amount of protein that could be used for human consumption. Extracting this valuable protein would reduce food waste and increase the availability of plant-based protein. A protein extraction process based on the pH-shift method was adapted to improve the protein extraction yield from industrial hempseed press cake (HPC). Parameters such as alkali extraction pH, time, and temperature, as well as isoelectric precipitation pH, were investigated in laboratory scale and were thereafter carried out in a pilot trial to explore the suitability for future scale up. The phytic acid content of the extracted protein isolate was also analyzed to investigate any potential inhibitory effect on mineral absorption. A final protein yield of 60.6%, with a precipitated protein content of 90.3% (dw), was obtained using a constant alkali extraction pH of 10.5 for 1 h at room temperature, followed by precipitation at pH 5.5. The pilot trial showed promising results for the future production of industrial hemp protein precipitate on a larger scale, showing a protein yield of 57.0% and protein content of 90.8% (dw). The amount of phytic acid in the protein isolate produced in the optimal laboratory experiment and in the pilot trial was 0.595 and 0.557 g phytic acid/100 g dw, respectively, which is 83%–88% less than in the HPC. This is in the range of other plant-based protein sources (tofu, kidney beans, peas, etc.).
Practical Application:
Industrial hempseed press cake is a byproduct in the production of industrial hempseed oil, which is mostly used as animal feed, but has the potential to become an additional source of plant-based protein for human consumption with a suitable protein extraction method. The extracted hemp protein could be used to develop new plant-based dairy or meat analog products.

Plant protein

Protein Extraction

Hempseed press cake


Amanda Helstad

Lunds universitet

Erica Forsén

Lunds universitet

Cecilia Ahlström

Lunds universitet

Cecilia Mayer Labba

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Ann-Sofie Sandberg

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Marilyn Rayner

Lunds universitet

Jeanette K. Purhagen

Lunds universitet

Journal of Food Science

0022-1147 (ISSN) 17503841 (eISSN)

Vol. 87 1 312-325




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