On surface carbides in low-temperature carburized austenitic stainless steels
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

Surface carbides are occasionally found at the surface of austenitic stainless steels subjected to low-temperature carburizing surface treatments which are intended to induce an interstitially supersaturated surface layer. The crystallographic nature and chemical composition of the carbides can have a significant influence on the surface properties, especially on the corrosion resistance of the steel. However, their phase identification and chemical characterization via conventional methods (e.g. X-ray diffraction) is difficult due to their complex structure and metastable nature. In this paper, a combined metallographic and electron microscopic approach is applied to characterize the morphology and chemical composition of surface carbides found on AISI 304L and SS2343 after the same Kolsterising® treatment. Exclusively M5C2, also known as Hägg or χ-carbide was found at the surface of 304L, preferentially oriented along (111) deformation bands. In SS2343, however, χ-carbide coexisted with M7C3 (or ω-carbides) and M23C6. The carbides had preferential orientation relationships with the matrix, suggesting a carbide evolution during carburizing. All the carbides show elemental partitioning, with Cr enrichment and Ni depletion. A microstructure development sequence regarding precipitation and growth of surface carbides is proposed in this paper.

EBSD

Microscopy

Precipitation

Low-temperature carburizing

Carbide

Orientation relationships

Författare

Giulio Maistro

Uddeholms AB

Yiming Yao

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material och tillverkning

Uta Klement

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material och tillverkning

Lars Nyborg

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material och tillverkning

Yu Cao

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material och tillverkning

Materials Characterization

1044-5803 (ISSN)

Vol. 167 110462

Ämneskategorier

Materialteknik

Bearbetnings-, yt- och fogningsteknik

Materialkemi

Metallurgi och metalliska material

Korrosionsteknik

Styrkeområden

Produktion

Materialvetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.matchar.2020.110462

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2020-08-20