In-Line Monitoring of Carbon Dioxide Capture with Sodium Hydroxide in a Customized 3D-Printed Reactor without Forced Mixing
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Many industrial processes make use of sodium because sodium is the fifth most abundant metal and the seventh most abundant element on Earth. Consequently, there are many sodium-containing industrial wastes that could potentially be used for carbon capture, paving the way towards a circular and biobased economy. For example, a common industrial chemical is NaOH, which is found in black liquor, a by-product of the paper and pulp industry. Nonetheless, the literature available on CO2 absorption capacity of aqueous NaOH is scarce for making a fair comparison with sodium-containing waste. Therefore, to fill this gap and set the foundation for future research on carbon capture, the CO2 absorption capacity of NaOH solutions in a concentration range of 1–8 w/w% was evaluated, a wider range compared with currently available data. The data set presented here enables evaluating the performance of sodium-based wastes, which are complex mixtures and might contain other compounds that enhance or worsen their carbon capture capacity. We designed a customized reactor using a 3D-printer to facilitate in-line measurements and proper mixing between phases without the energy of stirring. The mixing performance was confirmed by computational fluid dynamics simulations. The CO2 absorption capacity was measured via weight analysis and the progress of carbonation using a pH meter and an FTIR probe in-line. At 5 w/w% NaOH and higher, the reaction resulted in precipitation. The solids were analyzed with X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope, and nahcolite and natrite were identified. With our setup, we achieved absorption capacities in the range of 9.5 to 78.9 g CO2/L for 1 w/w% and 8 w/w% of NaOH, respectively. The results are in fair agreement with previously reported literature, suggesting that non-forced mixing reactors function for carbon capture without the need of stirring equipment and a possible lower energy consumption.

absorption capacity

aqueous bases


in-line measurements

carbon capture and storage

3D-printed reactors

chemical absorption

reactor design


Emmanouela Leventaki

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Francisco Baena-Moreno

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Gaetano Sardina

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Henrik Ström

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Ebrahim Ghahramani

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Shirin Naserifar

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Hoang Phuoc Ho

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Aleksandra Maria Kozlowski

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik

Diana Bernin

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Kemiteknik


20711050 (eISSN)

Vol. 14 17 10795


Tvärvetenskapliga studier





Mer information

Senast uppdaterat