Circular dichroism mode splitting and bounds to its enhancement with cavity-plasmon-polaritons
Journal article, 2020

Geometrical chirality is a widespread phenomenon that has fundamental implications for discriminating enantiomers of biomolecules. In order to enhance the chiral response of the medium, it has been suggested to couple chiral molecules to resonant optical cavities in order to enhance the circular dichroism (CD) signal at the resonant frequency of the cavity. Here, we studied a distinctly different regime of chiral light-matter interaction, wherein the CD signal of a chiral medium splits into polaritonic modes by reaching the strong coupling regime with an optical microcavity. Specifically, we show that by strongly coupling chiral plasmonic nanoparticles to a non-chiral Fabry-Pérot microcavity one can imprint the mode splitting on the CD spectrum of the coupled system and thereby effectively shift the initial chiral resonance to a different energy. We first examined the effect with the use of analytical transfer-matrix method as well as numerical finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations. Furthermore, we confirmed the validity of theoretical predictions in a proof-of-principle experiment involving chiral plasmonic nanoparticles coupled to a Fabry-Pérot microcavity.

plasmonics

strong coupling

polarization

nanophotonics

chirality

Author

Denis Baranov

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Battulga Munkhbat

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Nils Odebo Länk

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Ruggero Verre

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Mikael Käll

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Timur Shegai

Chalmers, Physics, Bionanophotonics

Nanophotonics

21928614 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 2 283-293

Subject Categories

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Condensed Matter Physics

DOI

10.1515/nanoph-2019-0372

More information

Latest update

5/20/2020