Food and Nutrient Intake during Pregnancy in Relation to Maternal Characteristics: Results from the NICE Birth Cohort in Northern Sweden.
Journal article, 2019

Linkages between diet and other lifestyle factors may confound observational studies. We used cluster analysis to analyze how the intake of food and nutrients during pregnancy co-varies with lifestyle, clinical and demographic factors in 567 women who participated in the NICE (nutritional impact on immunological maturation during childhood in relation to the environment) birth-cohort in northern Sweden. A food frequency questionnaire, Meal-Q, was administered in pregnancy Week 34, and the reported food and nutrient intakes were related to maternal characteristics such as age, education, rural/town residence, parity, pre-pregnancy smoking, first-trimester BMI, allergy and hyperemesis. Two lifestyle-diet clusters were identified: (1) High level of education and higher age were related to one another, and associated with a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish, and (2) smoking before pregnancy and higher BMI in early pregnancy were related to one another and associated with a diet that contained white bread, French fries, pizza, meat, soft drinks, candy and snacks. More than half of the women had lower-than-recommended daily intake levels of vitamin D, folate, selenium, and iodine. Complex lifestyle-diet interactions should be considered in observational studies that link diet and pregnancy outcome.

micronutrients

pregnancy

nutrition

NICE study

macronutrients

lifestyle

food intake

Author

Mia Stråvik

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Karin Jonsson

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Olle Hartvigsson

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Anna Sandin

Umeå University

Agnes E Wold

University of Gothenburg

Ann-Sofie Sandberg

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Malin Barman

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Nutrients

2072-6643 (ISSN)

Vol. 11 7 1680

Early life nutrition and immune development with focus on allergy prevention

Swedish Research Council (VR), 2014-01-01 -- 2018-12-31.

Subject Categories

Food Science

Cancer and Oncology

Nutrition and Dietetics

Areas of Advance

Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

DOI

10.3390/nu11071680

PubMed

31336625

More information

Latest update

2/14/2020