Food and Nutrient Intake during Pregnancy in Relation to Maternal Characteristics: Results from the NICE Birth Cohort in Northern Sweden.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

Linkages between diet and other lifestyle factors may confound observational studies. We used cluster analysis to analyze how the intake of food and nutrients during pregnancy co-varies with lifestyle, clinical and demographic factors in 567 women who participated in the NICE (nutritional impact on immunological maturation during childhood in relation to the environment) birth-cohort in northern Sweden. A food frequency questionnaire, Meal-Q, was administered in pregnancy Week 34, and the reported food and nutrient intakes were related to maternal characteristics such as age, education, rural/town residence, parity, pre-pregnancy smoking, first-trimester BMI, allergy and hyperemesis. Two lifestyle-diet clusters were identified: (1) High level of education and higher age were related to one another, and associated with a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish, and (2) smoking before pregnancy and higher BMI in early pregnancy were related to one another and associated with a diet that contained white bread, French fries, pizza, meat, soft drinks, candy and snacks. More than half of the women had lower-than-recommended daily intake levels of vitamin D, folate, selenium, and iodine. Complex lifestyle-diet interactions should be considered in observational studies that link diet and pregnancy outcome.


NICE study

food intake






Mia Stråvik

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Karin Jonsson

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Olle Hartvigsson

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Anna Sandin

Agnes E Wold

Ann-Sofie Sandberg

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Malin Barman

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap


2072-6643 (ISSN)

Vol. 11 7

Nutrition i tidig ålder och immunologisk mognad med fokus på förebyggande av allergi

Vetenskapsrådet (VR), 2014-01-01 -- 2018-12-31.



Cancer och onkologi



Livsvetenskaper och teknik (2010-2018)


10.3390/nu 11071680

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