A prognostic algorithm to prescribe improvement measures on throughput bottlenecks
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019
Throughput bottleneck analysis is important in prioritising production and maintenance measures in a production system. Due to system dynamics, bottlenecks shift between different production resources and across production runs. Therefore, it is important to predict where the bottlenecks will shift to and understand the root causes of predicted bottlenecks. Previous research efforts on bottlenecks are limited to only predicting the shifting location of throughput bottlenecks; they do not give any insights into root causes. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to propose a data-driven prognostic algorithm (using the active-period bottleneck analysis theory) to forecast the durations of individual active states of bottleneck machines from machine event-log data from the manufacturing execution system (MES). Forecasting the duration of active states helps explain the root causes of bottlenecks and enables the prescription of specific measures for them. It thus forms a machine-states-based prescriptive approach to bottleneck management. Data from real-world production systems is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The practical implications of these results are that shop-floor production and maintenance teams can be forewarned, before a production run, about bottleneck locations, root causes (in terms of machine states) and any prescribed measures, thus forming a prescriptive approach. This approach will enhance the understanding of bottleneck behaviour in production systems and allow data-driven decision making to manage bottlenecks proactively.
data-driven decision making
data-driven maintenance planning