Likelihood-Based Data Association for Extended Object Tracking Using Sampling Methods
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017
Environment perception is a key enabling technology in autonomous vehicles, and multiple object tracking is an important part of this. The use of high resolution sensors, such as automotive radar and lidar, leads to the extended object tracking problem, with multiple detections per tracked object. For computationally feasible multiple extended object tracking, the data association problem must be handled. Previous work has relied on a two-step approach, using clustering algorithms, together with assignment algorithms, to achieve this. In this paper, we show that it is possible to handle the data association in a single step that works directly on the desired likelihood function. Single step data association is beneficial, because it enables better use of the measurement model and the predicted multiobject density. For single step data association, we use algorithms based on stochastic sampling, and integrate them into a Poisson Multi-Bernoulli Mixture filter. In a simulation study, and in an experiment with Velodyne data acquired in an urban environment, four sampling algorithms are compared to clustering and assignment. The results from the simulations and the experiment show that single-step likelihood-based data association achieves better performance than two-step clustering and assignment data association does.