Simulation-based impact projection of autonomous vehicle deployment using real traffic flow
Preprint, 2021

In this work we focus on future projected impacts of the autonomous vehicles in a realistic condition representing mixed traffic. By using real flow and speed data collected in 2002 and 2019 in the city of Gothenburg, we replicated and simulated the daily flow variation in SUMO. The expansion of the city in recent years was reflected in an increase in road users, and it is reasonable to expect it will increase further. Through simulations, it was possible to project this increase and to predict how this will impact the traffic in future.
Furthermore, the composition of vehicle types in the future traffic can be expected to change through the introduction of autonomous vehicles. In order to predict the most likely drawbacks during the transition from a traffic consisting only manually driven vehicles to a traffic consisting only fully-autonomous vehicles, we focus on mixed traffic with different percentages of autonomous and manually driven vehicles. To realize this aim, several parameters of the car following and lane change models of autonomous vehicles are investigated in this paper. Along with the fundamental diagram, the number of lane changes and the number of conflicts are analyzed and studied as measures for improving road safety and efficiency.

Författare

Eleonora Andreotti

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Olycksanalys och prevention

Selpi Selpi

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Olycksanalys och prevention

Pinar Boyraz Baykas

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet, Olycksanalys och prevention

Ämneskategorier

Transportteknik och logistik

Infrastrukturteknik

Farkostteknik

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2021-02-03