Ghazaleh Ghaffari is a PhD candidate in Biomechanics at the department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology. The research group she belongs to is the Injury Prevention at the division of Vehicle Safety. Her research is focused on the development of finite element human body models (HBMs) with active musculature. The active HBMs simulate the vehicle occupant response in the complicated pre-crash and crash scenarios. The HBMs are valuable analytical tools that are used within advanced technologies such as autonomous braking and steering, and play a key role in improving the vehicle safety. Ghazaleh is involved in collecting and analysing a new set of experimental data in order to evaluate and further improve the current human body models. She received her B.Sc. degree in Bioelectronics from Azad University of Iran and finished her M.Sc. studies in Biomedical Engineering at Linköping University, Sweden. Between 2013 and 2015, Ghazaleh was employed as a research assistant at Linköping University Hospital and worked on the analysis of muscle activities using electromyogram (EMG) signals.