Upgrading of renewable domestic raw materials to value-added bulk and fine chemicals for a biobased economy: technology development, systems integration and environmental impact assessment (BioBuF)

In this project, a novel biorefinery concept will be developed, wherein domestic renewable raw materials in the form of forestry residues (GROT) and micro-algae are converted into an array of bulk and added-value products. Adipic acid (the precursor of nylon) will be produced by microbial conversion of the main carbohydrate fractions of the raw materials. Aromatic chemicals, such as terephthalic acid, will be produced by bioconversion of the lignin fraction of GROT. Separation technology and pretreatment will be developed to obtain a lignin fraction that can be further converted into aromatic compounds. The potential of microalgae as a source of added-value chemicals will also be assessed. Side streams will be used in anaerobic digestion and bioelectrochemical systems, to improve the water economy, and allow for nutrient recycling within the process. Experimental data obtained in the project and from literature surveys will be used to assess the environmental impact of the entire process, including land use effects of producing and harvesting the raw materials. These data will also be used to assess the potential for integration with existing industry and its economic advantages. Scale-up effects on the environmental performance of different process steps will be assessed in parallel with the technology development. Our studies will lead to pinpointing which technological improvements are necessary for making this biorefinery-based technology sustainable.

Participants

Lisbeth Olsson (contact)

Professor vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Eva Albers

Senior forskare vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Thore Berntsson

Professor vid Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Maurizio Bettiga

Gästforskare vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Christel Cederberg

Biträdande professor vid Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Carl Johan Franzén

Docent vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Simon Harvey

Professor vid Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Mathias Janssen

Forskare vid Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis

Christel Kampman

Doktor vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Emma Karlsson

Doktorand vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Valeria Mapelli

Gästforskare vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Joshua Mayers

Forskare vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Stavros Papadokonstantakis

Docent vid Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Karin Pettersson

Gästforskare vid Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Elin Svensson

Gästforskare vid Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Hans Theliander

Professor vid Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology, Forest Products and Chemical Engineering

Anne-Marie Tillman

Professor vid Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis

Nikolaos Xafenias

Forskare vid Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology

Collaborations

SIK – the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology

Gothenburg, Sweden

Funding

Västra Götalandsregionen, Regional development committee

Funding Chalmers participation during 2013–2018

Formas

Funding Chalmers participation during 2013–2018

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces

More information

Project Web Page at Chalmers

http://www.chalmers.se/sv/projekt/Sidor/bi...

Latest update

2016-12-15