Yvonne Nygård works as Assistant Professor in the Division of Industrial Biotechnology, specializing in cell factory design. Her main expertise is metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, and she is also involved in projects focusing on bioprocess engineering. Recently she has started to work also with syngas fermentation; the design of processes where bacteria convert carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide into biochemicals.The overall aim of Yvonne’s research is to accelerate the design-build-test cycle for making novel production hosts for converting lignocellulosic (plant) biomass into sustainable fuels, materials or high-value chemicals. She works with industrial microorganisms (most often yeast), developing them into more robust, inhibitor-tolerant production organisms, so called cell factories. Industrial cell factories are needed for the realization of a bio-based economy.